The Tombs of Etruria


Well, now that I've joined Journalism, I'll be posting some of the articles that I've written, so enjoy! ^_^
Archaeologists in Italy recently discovered a 2000-year-old ointment filled jar. This was found in a cosmetic case along with other personal objects in the tomb of an aristocratic Etruscan woman called Thana Presenti Plecunis Umranalisa, who lived in the 2nd century BC.

The Etruscan civilization is an ancient one, much older than the Romans and the Greeks. It flourished in the area that is known today as Italy, to the north of Rome, between the rivers Tiber and Arno, from the 9th to the 1st century BC.
The ancient Greek name for the area was Tyrrhenia or Tyrsenia, while the Romans called the country Etrusci or Tusci, from which the modern name Tuscany comes. Archaeologists and historians call it Etruria.

The Etruscans came from Asia Minor, and settled along the coast of Tuscany. Their first permanent settlements, Vetulonia and Tarquinii (now Tarquinia), are believed to date to about the end of the 9th century BC. This civilization reached its height in the 7th and 5th century BC. Their power began to decline after the people of Syracuse, in a sea battle defeated them in the 5th century BC. In 396 BC, after a siege of almost a decade over, the city of Veii was defeated by Rome. Over the next two centuries, the Romans conquered them and by the end of the 1st century BC, their culture was wiped out by Roman culture.

The Etruscans were highly skilled people, and farmed and traded with other peoples. They made very beautiful articles of terra cotta, stone and especially of bronze. They were great artists, which, could be seen from the wall paintings, and realistic portraits found in their tombs.

Although the Etruscans had their own alphabet, there are hardly and manuscripts to be found. Only one long manuscript, a religious text written on 12 strips of linen, now exists: this is preserved in the museum of Zagreb, in Croatia. Information about this civilization was known mainly from the excavation of the Etruscan Tombs. It was in one such tomb that the ointment was discovered. It is an amazing discovery, made even more startling by the fact that it was preserved almost intact, due to the formation of a layer of clay over the cosmetic side. Chemical testing has even revealed what was it made of: the ingredients include, among others, moringa oil, pine resin and mastic resin.

P.S >> I love history and I plan to become an Archaeologists/Journalist one day.

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